Microbiology is the study of microorganisms. Microbiology helps understand the behavior of microorganisms and their morphology. This study explains the evolution of microbes and how they impact the ecosystem. Microorganisms are just small organisms that can’t be seen by the naked eye. Bacteria, algae, viruses, microscopic fungi, and viruses are microorganisms. The following are fun facts about microbiology.
History of microbiology
Microbiology has come a long way thanks to the efforts of various scientists. Microbiology started back in 1665 when Robert Hooke discovered that cork was made of cells. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek later noticed that cells are living things. Another scientist, Christian Ehrenberg later discovered that bacteria and protista were not normal cells. Martinus Beijerinck found viruses. Microbiology changed significantly due to the discovery of RNA and DNA. Nowadays, you can change the structure of a cell without destroying it. Isn’t that amazing?
What is the importance of microbiology?
You may have read in school that microbes are dangerous and can cause diseases. However, some microbes have benefits. Some microbes are used in the production of alcohol and dairy products. Also, microbes aid in the manufacture of some antibiotics. Microbiology has also lead to the production of essential enzymes that can change the many lives.
Amino acids can be manufactured by industries thanks to microbiology. Some bacteria are used for medicinal purposes. Microorganisms can degrade toxic waste. They can help reduce pollution that’s causing global warming in the world. Bacteria and fungi are the microbes that can decrease the toxicity of pollutants.
The human body contains various good microbes. For instance, processes like digestion, production of amino acids, and vitamins are aided by microorganisms. Microbiology has enabled scientists to distinguish between the good and the harmful bacteria. Microbiology has a positive impact on human health. More research needs to be done in the microbiology industry to identify ways in which it can help improve lives.